Emotional Intelligence Summary

Categories EmotionsPosted on

Emotional Intelligence explains the importance of emotions in your life, how they help and hurt your ability to navigate the world, followed by practical advice on how to improve your own emotional intelligence and why that is they key to leading a successful life.

Though Focus is the book by Daniel Goleman that first sparked my attention, Emotional Intelligence (or EQ) is actually far more popular. His masterpiece has sold over 5 million copies worldwide and has been translated into 40 languages.

Goleman explains how two separate minds live in our brains, one rational and one emotional, and why the five key skills making up your emotional “literacy” are actually a much bigger predictor of happiness and success than the capacity by which we usually measure it: IQ.

Here are 3 lessons about what emotional intelligence is, why it’s so important and how you can get more of it:

  • Emotional intelligence rests on self-awareness andself-regulation.
  • A high EQ makes you healthier and more successful.
  • You can boost your EQ by mirroring other people’s bodylanguage and thinking optimistically.

Ready for an emotional education? The class is now in session!

Lesson 1: Emotional intelligence depends on your ability to be self-aware and self-regulate.

There are two parts to being emotionally intelligent. One is being emotionally self-aware. It simply means that you’re able to recognize and label your feelings.

For example, when children learn to speak, they usually need to be given the vocabulary first, so if your son is angry because you’re not letting him have candy before dinner, he’ll know he feels bad, but can’t tell you what exactly it is, until you tell him that what he’s feeling is anger.

The second part of the EQ equation is emotional self-regulation.

As an adult, being able to look at your emotions on a meta-level (thanks to mindfulness, learned from meditation or other self awareness exercises) is crucial in choosing how to react to your feelings – or if you should react at all.

For example, when you sit in your office and hear a sudden, loud bang, like the sound of an explosion, your emotional processing center will perceive it as a threat and put your body in alert mode. But when your rational brain double checks and sees there’s no actual threat there, it calms you down again, so you can get back on track to what you were doing.

Both of these qualities rely heavily on the neural connections between your rational and emotional brain, which, if severed, can cause serious problems.

Lesson 2: If you have a high EQ, you’re more likely to be successful and healthy.

IQ, the level of your intelligence, is usually what we think determines success. But Goleman’s research led him to believe that EQ, emotional intelligence, is just as, if not more important, to find happiness.

For example, in the world of business and careers, students with higher levels of empathy seem to get better grades, even if their peers are just as smart. That’s because they can better manage their feelings – for example being bored, but still doing their homework – and perform better in social settings, like knowing when to speak and when to be quiet in class.

Similarly, as you might know from the famous marshmallow experiment, kids who can better discipline themselves at a young age tend to perform better later as well.

Plus, managers, who are socially skilled, will have the power to persuade people when they need to and thus do a better job at leading people.

Your health also highly depends on your EQ, because the more you have of it, the better you are able to mitigate stress, which can prevent a lot, if not all, of the most prevalent diseases of our time.

Lesson 3: You can boost your EQ by mirroring other people’s body language and thinking optimistically.

Alright Nik, that’s all good, but how can I improve my EQ then?

I’m glad you asked!

Here are two really cool exercises to increase your emotional intelligence:

Mirror other people’s body language.

Convince yourself that your failures result from things you can change.

The first exercise will not only help you connect better with the person across the table, it’ll also make you more emotionally self-aware. For example, when the person you talk to has great posture, straightening your own body will send subtle non-verbal cues to them, that they can trust you, help you realize what great posture feels like and also make you more empathic, because now you know how they feel when their body is in that pose. It’s one of those “fake it till you make it” scenarios, which helps you build better habits.

The second exercise helps you become an optimist. Optimistic people continue to try, because they believe their actions make a difference, and are thus more likely to succeed. This is based on how they explain failures. They think bad events are temporary, external and specific, and that they have the power to change them for the better by improving the next time. So the next time something goes wrong, tell yourself: “It’s alright, this is going to pass, it’s just a one-time thing, I’ll improve and get better at this!”

My personal take-aways

Do you know how many non-fiction books really have just one good point to make and then fill an extra 200 pages with additional information so they can actually publish it as a book? This one is NOT like that. It’s super comprehensive. After first introducing you to emotions in general and why they matter, Goleman then explains the idea of EQ, what constitutes it, why it’s great and how to improve it.

Emotional Agility Summary

Categories EmotionsPosted on

Emotional Agility provides a new, science-backed approach to navigating life’s many trials and detours on your path to fulfillment, with which you’ll face your emotions head on, observe them objectively, make choices based on your values and slowly tweak your mindset, motivation and habits.

The character trait that I’m most proud of, and probably also most lucky to have, is that I’m incredibly mentally stable. Life can throw a hell of a lot of adversity at me, and I still won’t lose perspective. Susan David found not just a name for this capacity, but also a way to deliberately form it: Emotional Agility. It is the ability to observe and adapt your emotions to what the situation requires.

David is a PhD, Harvard psychologist and long-term researcher of what helps people achieve happiness and fulfillment. In 2016, she condensed years of research, coaching, speaking and consulting experience into a book. She crafted a 4-step process that helps us let our emotions support our outcomes, not dictate them.

Here are the first 3 so you can embrace life’s distaste for our plans, not resent it:

  • Face your real feelings, don’t ignore the uncomfortable ones.
  • Detach from emotions to see your true options.
  • Use your core values to set goals that reflect the real you.

Nothing in life ever works out the way we want it. But what if that wasn’t a big deal? What if that was…fun? Let’s find out by studying emotional agility!

Lesson 1: Show up to your emotions, even the bad ones.

If you’re an optimistic person like me, chances are you tend to swallow bad feelings, downplay them as minor issues, and smile through the pain. While that’s a better approach than being a total drama queen, it’s still not perfect. Forced optimism can’t be sustained, which means it’s only a temporary solution to a permanent problem.

Susan cites the Mills longitudinal study as an example. Researchers studied the class photographs of a women’s foundation, determining who smiled genuinely and who faked it by analyzing facial expressions. They then tracked the women’s lives for decades after graduation. The result? Real smilers had better relationships, more control over their emotions and a higher level of life satisfaction.

That’s because even negative emotions can have positive consequences, as long as you face them directly and draw the right conclusions. So don’t smile when you don’t feel like it. Just because you have a grim look on your face as you sort out a tough issue at work does not mean life’s not good in that moment.

Lesson 2: Step out of your feelings to create distance and perspective.

Recognizing your emotions as they happen is a necessary precursor to consciously deciding how you’ll deal with them. However, it’s not easy. It’s a habit that takes practice. The practical part, the ability you’ll need to regularly exercise, is mindfulness. While being too mindful can be a problem, noticing your emotions allows you to step out and get some space.

Whether it’s an emotion, a physical sensation, a friend’s remark or an outside event, whatever you can attentively observe without judging it helps you act in a more refined way. When a Harvard study tracked 16 people before and after an eight-week meditation course in 2011, they saw positive, physical changes in the brain regions related to memory, stress management, empathy and identity. Other ways of developing mindfulness include journaling, exercise and personality tests.

If you want to see the power of identified emotions, select an object around your house the next time you’re angry and throw that anger at it. Yell at your pillow, TV remote or living room chair. Besides reducing the anger itself, it’ll show you a new, more playful perspective on your feelings.

Lesson 3: Walk your why by setting want-to goals, not have-to ones.

Our brains are powerful distortion machines. Compelled to force our life’s story into a functioning narrative at all times, they tweak fact to fiction in order to make sense of the world and keep us from going insane. However, this comes at a cost: we only partially act in reality.

One of our biggest mental errors is the result of a phenomenon called behavioral contagion. The ultimate social influence, it’s what causes us to pursue certain behaviors merely because we’re close to someone doing the same. This can be physical proximity or psychological relatedness through the media, for example.

There’s a lot of talk about goal-setting, but all of it assumes the goals we’re choosing reflect what we really want. Susan says because of behavioral contagion, that might not be the case. In a talk, she distinguished want-to and have-to goals.

Have-to goals are goals set for you by others in the form of pressure, for example your doctor telling you you must lose weight. Want-to goals are those you set out of conviction and after careful reflection of your true values. One exercise she suggests to get clarity on your want-to goals is to write a letter to your future self. Tell the person you want to be in 5, 10 or 15 years who you are now and a path will emerge.

An alternative exercise I recently found helpful is the epitaph test Tim Ferriss learned from blogger Tim Urban:

“When I find myself with an opportunity, I ask myself whether I’d be happy if my epitaph had something to do with this project. If the answer is a clear no, it probably means it’s not actually very important to me. Thinking about your epitaph, as morbid as it is, is a nice way to cut through all the noise and force yourself to look at your work from a super zoomed-out perspective, where you can see what really matters to you.”

Just like showing up and stepping out help you adapt emotionally to ever-changing circumstances, clarifying your want-to goals and contrasting them with your actions helps you steer the course in spite of life’s uncertainty – and that’s what Emotional Agility is all about.

My personal take-aways

I see why this book has received so many accolades. It delivers a well-researched, simple to remember and easy to execute framework for a very intangible problem: emotional instability. The future is less certain than it’s ever been, which causes us imaginary problems, but problems nonetheless. Problems, which must be addressed. If you want to learn more, Susan’s 5-minute quiz is a good start.

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